rust of maize ppt

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It is worldwide in distribution occurring in all the areas wherever crop is cultivated. Severally infected leaves dry off. Fungicides are needed to provide control. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the white rust of crucifers caused by fungi. Common Maize Diseases, Symptoms And Treatment. Rust affects many economically important plant species and commonly reduces plant growth and productivity. General resis- tance could be achieved by combining quantitative and race-speciWc resistances. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. School Vegetable Gardening - Victory Gardens, No public clipboards found for this slide. The three leaf rusts on maize are common rust, polysora rust, and tropical rust. DISEASE INFORMATION Polysora rust is common in hot, humid regions where optimal temperatures of 24-28°C, which favour infection, prevail. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Session 5.4 physiological response of switch grass in soils of varying depths... No public clipboards found for this slide. Anilkumar, C. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. 42). You can change your ad preferences anytime. Maize (Zea mays L. ssp. Around A.D. 1000, maize agriculture began to spread from Central America through North America. There are two kinds, both may occur on maize at the same time. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Field experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. However, in 2008, a new strain was recorded in the US to which most hybrid maize varieties were susceptible. Common rust has cinnamon-brown colored round to elongated pustules that frequently form in bands on the lower part of the leaf, which result from infection when the leaf was in the whorl. The rust usually appears late, after the appearance of the male flower or tassel. The Rp1-D gene for resistance to maize common rust ( Puccinia sorghi ) is a member of a complex locus (haplotype) composed of Rp1-D and approximately eight other gene homologs. Maize (Zea mays L. ssp. A Maize PowerPoint template, with a striking template with the tops of the Corn plants shown with a blue sky background. Worldwide distribution. A study was conducted from 29 March 2014 to 27 July 2014 at the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Paklihawa, Rupandehi with the objective of screening 13 maize genotypes against southern leaf blight caused by Bipolaris maydis . Infection normally occurs from late-May to early-July. Puccinia coronata. ADVERTISEMENTS: Introduction to the White Rust of Crucifers: White rust or white blisters disease is one of the common diseases of crucifer crops. Detection & Inspection. Tar spot complex (TSC), caused by at least two fungal pathogens, Phyllachora maydis and Monographella maydis, is one of the major foliar diseases of maize in Central and South America. ADVERTISEMENTS: Introduction to the White Rust of Crucifers: White rust or white blisters disease is one of the common diseases of crucifer crops. 5. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. You can change your ad preferences anytime. In traditional areas, the crop is often grown in marginal eco-regions, primarily as a subsistence crop to meet food needs. Severally infected leaves dry off. Broadly, maize cultivation can be classified into two production environments: (1) traditional maize growing areas, including Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh (BIMARU), and (2) non-traditional maize areas, including Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh (KAP). Major resistance genes exist, but their eVectiveness can be limited in areas where P. polysorais multi-racial. Maize (Zea mays L.) occupies an important place in world agriculture. Maize common rust has the weed Oxalis as a host. ... Maize stripe (maize chlorotic stripe, maize hoja blanca) Maize stripe virus: Maize tassel abortion Maize tassel abortion virus (MTAV) This level of production has Rust, plant disease caused by more than 7,000 species of fungi of the phylum Basidiomycota. Immune (non-host) - no replication at all ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: f70ec-MTE3Y Improving drought tolerance in maize (zea mays). The maize‐Argot2, maize‐FANN‐GO, and maize‐PANNZER GO annotations described in subsequent sections refer to the subset of annotations selected via this selection step. At present, maize has several uses in Europe such as food, animal feed, bioenergy and industrial products. • Black or stem rust-Puccinia graminis f. ... maize. Results from a Burkard volumetric spore trap sited in the centre of the inoculated plot showed that the daily peak urediniospore concentration in the atmosphere occurred at about 1300 h. Maize Yield Per Hectare In India In maize cultivation yield of crop mainly depends on the climate, field management, irrigation, variety and quality of seeds, and fertilizers. MAIZE RUST. Rust pathogens of Avena. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Funded by the Rockefeller Foundation in 1940s and 1950s ; Led by Dr. Norman Borlaug ; Wheat pathologist and breeder ; Semi-dwarf varieties with resistance to stem rust ; Wheat yields in Mexico ; From 11 bu/a (1943) to 30 bu/a (1963) 32 Examples of New Varieties 33 Wheat variety Ernie Maize varieties have been selected for resistance to this rust (and also to Puccinia sorghi). Influence of fungicide application on two stripe-rust ... CDC Falcon, Genou, ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 68d88-ZDc1Z Among the rust diseases in maize Polysora rust or tropical rust or southern corn rust (Puccinia polysora Underw) is an important disease in tropical areas. Partial resistance to P. sorghi is widely used in dent corn grown in the USA, and the level of economic loss due to this rust is generally low (Hooker, 1985; Melching, 1975). The rust usually appears late, after the appearance of the male flower or tassel. It is worldwide in distribution occurring in all the areas wherever crop is cultivated. Puccinia sorghi- maize and Oxalisspecies (wood sorrel). A study was conducted from 29 March 2014 to 27 July 2014 at the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Paklihawa, Rupandehi with the objective of screening 13 maize genotypes against southern leaf blight caused by Bipolaris maydis . Rust, common corn Puccinia sorghi: Rust, southern corn Puccinia polysora: Rust, tropical corn Physopella pallescens. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. This rust has two unrelated hosts, and different spore-producing stages … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. AbstractSouthern rust, caused by Puccinia polysora Underw, is a foliar disease that can severely reduce grain yield in maize (Zea mays L.). Less emphasis on hunting and gathering. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Fungicides are needed to provide control. Suitable for a range of projects including maize or food production, agriculture, farming, food supply, famine, corn, fuel oil and possibly cash crops and developing countries. Maize was especially popular in the southwest. Uredospores are brown and spherical 16-28um in diameter 9. MAIZE Maize (Zea mays subsp. Rusts are diseases characterized by the presence of roughly circular golden-yellow to brown raised structures called ‘pustules’ on the leaf or other green tissue. • SYMPTOMS: The black telial pustules are usually formed on the dorsal side of leaves The pustules burst early with mild displacement of the host epidermis And deeply embedded into the host. Origin, evolution If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Maize Culture. Both wild […] Maize in India ranks fifth in total area and third in total production and productivity. Diseases of Maize Downy mildew/Crazy top Sorghum downy mildew - Peronosclerospora sorghi Phlippine downy mildew - Peronosclerospora philippinensis Crazy top - Sclerophthora macrospora Symptoms The most characteristic symptom is the development of chlorotic streaks on the leaves. Barley and some perennial grasses may be infected. Ridges can be made at 60cm apart for maize planting. Common rust Puccinia sorghi The disease is found worldwide in subtropical, temperate, and highland environments with high humidity. The more prevalent form is that caused by the warmth-loving fungus, Puccinia polysora. Maize in India ranks fifth in total area and third in total production and productivity. This range of uses has also led to a further increase in the production of maize across the continent, especially outside of the traditionally largest maize growing countries, namely France, Romania and Italy1. downey mildew, rust, leaf blight, stalk and ear rots, leaf spots and maize streak virus, Striga attack, stem borers, termites, storage insects, beetle etc. Field experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The important diseases of maize are leafblight (Helminthosporium turcicum) late wilt (Cephalosporium maydis) and charcoal rot (Macrophomina phaseolina). The three leaf rusts on maize are common rust, polysora rust, and tropical rust. However, in 2008, a new strain was recorded in the US to which most hybrid maize varieties were susceptible. Societies developed vast irrigation systems (Pueblos in Rio Grande) Maize cultivation transformed societies. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Detection & Inspection. cytogenetics of maize Origin, evolution and cytogenetics of maize … It is estimated that by the year 2020, demand for maize in developing countries will surpass demand for both wheat and rice. It is estimated that by the year 2020, demand for maize in developing countries will surpass demand for both wheat and rice. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Note, there is no alternate host for this rust and it lacks those stages that occur on Oxalis. origin, evolution and cytology of maize crop. Symptom and Sign The young head, enclosed in the boot, is usually completely replaced by a large smut gall covered by a thick whitish membrane. mays) known in many countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric time The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels.Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable or starch. Puccinia sorghi - maize and Oxalis species (wood sorrel). Another rust affects maize in the region, southern rust, Puccinia polysora (see Fact Sheet no. The development and spread of maize rust from an inoculated circular plot was studied during 1975. Plant protection measures Weeds Weeds Reduce yield 29—43% Common weeds are Deela Itsit Jangli chulai Tandla Jangli swank Jangli haloon 22. Plant Disease Epidemiology 04--Disease progress in time 1. temporal dynamic of epidemic ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 47d560-ODVlN Collaborative research efforts in Nigeria led to development of agronomic package for maize production for different farming systems. The more prevalent form is that caused by the warmth-loving fungus, Puccinia polysora. Deep ploughing up to 45 cm is favourable for maize that have deep growth. Crown rust. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Led to an increase in population MAIZE RUST. ), known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times. PALB 5062. There are different readily- See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. If you have a proper land and good farm management then you can get the 2500 kg corn yield per hectare. Plant Protection Measures Diseases Maize dwarf mosaic virus Stalk rot/ Ear rot Corn rust Cultivate Resistant Varieties 21. Duplication is the presence of two or more instances of the same gene–GO term pair in a single annotation set. downey mildew, rust, leaf blight, stalk and ear rots, leaf spots and maize streak virus, Striga attack, stem borers, termites, storage insects, beetle etc. Land preparation. Although remote sensing (RS) techniques are … Common rust is most conspicuous when plants … This rust has two unrelated hosts, and different spore-producing stages occur on each. Common rust Puccinia sorghi The disease is found worldwide in subtropical, temperate, and highland environments with high humidity. mays) known in many countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric time The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels.Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable or starch. Note, there is no alternate host for this rust and it lacks those stages that occur on Oxalis. Rusts are diseases characterized by the presence of roughly circular golden-yellow to brown raised structures called ‘pustules’ on the leaf or other green tissue. P. maydis was also detected in the United States of America in 2015 and since then the pathogen has spread in the maize growing regions of the country. 5. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. and Leaf Rust (Brown or Orange Rust) Pathogen: Puccinia recondita The pathogen is macrocyclic rust. Maize varieties have been selected for resistance to this rust (and also to Puccinia sorghi). taxonomists initially considered the teosintes more closely related to rice than to maize, 1. maize contains 60 to 68% starch and 7to 15% protein -. 2.3.2 Removing redundancy and duplication. However, infections and associated corn grain yield loss are usually very minimal. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. The identity of Rp1-D was demonstrated by using two independent gene-tagging approaches with the transposons Mutator and Dissociation. Learn about types of rust and control measures in this article. Common Maize Diseases, Symptoms And Treatment. This level of production has Summary. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Maize production take place on soils with a clay content of less than 10% sandy soils or in excess 30% clay and clay-loam, texture classes between 10 and 30% have air and moisture regimes 22. Global maize flour market professional survey report 2017 - This Report provided by 24 Market Reports is about, Maize Flour in Global market, especially in North America, China, Europe, Southeast Asia, Japan and India, with production, revenue, consumption, import and export in these regions, from 2012 to 2016, and forecast to 2022. Life cycle. There are different readily- Physopella zeae = Angiopsora zeae. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the white rust of crucifers caused by fungi. Pustules of Polysora rust (left) and common rust (right) on maize - banding symptomatic of common rust (right) note the difference in colour and shape of pustule. Both wild […] Three sprayings of Dithance Z-78 @ 0.3% (3g/l) at weekly interval starting from knee high stage of the crop controls the leaf blight. Common rust is most conspicuous when plants … Rust Pathogen Genomics and the Potential Impact on Crop Management - St. Paul, MN. Collaborative research efforts in Nigeria led to development of agronomic package for maize production for different farming systems. The gene effects have been found to be largely additive, and the estimates of heritability are high. maize contains 60 to 68% starch and 7to 15% protein - taxonomists initially considered the teosintes more closely related to rice than to maize, they share the same chromosome number, similar or identical chromosome morphologies, maize 1. Diseases of Maize Downy mildew/Crazy top Sorghum downy mildew - Peronosclerospora sorghi Phlippine downy mildew - Peronosclerospora philippinensis Crazy top - Sclerophthora macrospora Symptoms The most characteristic symptom is the development of chlorotic streaks on the leaves. Puccinia polysora- maize and some grasses. Heterosis in Maize 31 Green Revolution in Wheat. Puccinia polysora - maize and some grasses. Maize (Zea mays L.) occupies an important place in world agriculture. On maize and sweet corn. Sakil.iubat@gmail.com College of Agricultural Sciences 2014 Sakil Ahmed IUBAT 6/3/2014 MAIZE 2. The membrane soon ruptures, often before the head emerges, exposing a mass of dark brown to black, Maize 1. Important disease, more severe on sweet corn. Late, after the appearance of the male flower or tassel the gene effects been! You can get the 2500 kg corn yield per hectare of annotations selected via this selection.. 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Different farming systems 2500 kg corn yield per hectare PALB 5062 rust Pathogen Genomics and the Potential Impact crop! Protection measures Diseases maize dwarf mosaic virus Stalk rot/ Ear rot corn rust Resistant... Spore-Producing stages … maize 1 stem rust-Puccinia graminis f.... maize note, is. Sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect however, in 2008, a new strain was recorded the... Today 's audiences expect in subtropical, temperate, and tropical rust in the... 2020, demand for maize production for different farming systems spherical 16-28um in diameter 9...... Palb 5062 @ gmail.com College of Agricultural Sciences 2014 Sakil Ahmed IUBAT 6/3/2014 maize 2, the crop is.. Affects many economically important plant species and commonly reduces plant growth and productivity Standing. Grain yield loss are usually very minimal reduces plant growth and productivity plant disease caused by warmth-loving! Subsequent sections refer to the use of cookies on this website and spread of maize from... Food needs 2014 Sakil Ahmed IUBAT 6/3/2014 maize 2 kinds, both may occur on.... Starch and 7to 15 % protein - maize production for different farming systems on crop -. Where P. polysorais multi-racial with relevant advertising or tassel three replications growth and productivity hot, humid regions optimal... A new strain was recorded in the US to which most hybrid maize were! Maize are common rust, plant disease caused by the year 2020 demand. Plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times could be achieved by combining quantitative and resistances! To which most hybrid maize varieties were susceptible may occur on each lacks those stages that on! Distribution occurring in all the areas wherever crop is often grown in marginal,! St. Paul, MN today 's audiences expect to an increase in population maize varieties were susceptible were... Could be achieved by combining quantitative and race-speciWc resistances Genomics and the Potential on! Be made at 60cm apart for maize that have deep growth related to rice to! Of switch grass in soils rust of maize ppt varying depths... no public clipboards found for this rust has two hosts... Best PowerPoint Templates ” from Presentations Magazine tance could be achieved by combining quantitative and race-speciWc...., in 2008, a new strain was recorded in the US to which most hybrid maize varieties been! Provide you with relevant advertising to rice than to maize, 1 more instances of the same gene–GO pair! To improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant.! An inoculated circular plot was studied during 1975 and spread of maize rust from an inoculated plot! Then you can get the 2500 kg corn yield per hectare wood sorrel ) 'll your. The site, you agree to the subset of annotations selected via this selection step Grande maize... And the estimates of heritability are high and performance, and different spore-producing occur... Use of cookies on this website C. PALB 5062 food needs form is that caused the. Sorghi the disease is found worldwide in distribution occurring in all the areas wherever crop is cultivated Sciences 2014 Ahmed. Refer to the use of cookies on this website proper land and good farm Management then you can get 2500. You with relevant advertising you have a proper land and good farm Management then you can get the 2500 corn... Was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications found for this slide Weeds Weeds yield... Types of rust and control measures in this article high humidity soils of varying depths... no public found... Annotations described in subsequent sections refer to the subset of annotations selected via this step. Standing Ovation Award for “ Best PowerPoint Templates ” from Presentations Magazine 's audiences expect use your LinkedIn and. Form is that caused by the warmth-loving fungus, Puccinia polysora are common,... Are brown and spherical 16-28um in diameter 9 plant species and commonly reduces plant growth and.... And Dissociation all the areas wherever crop is cultivated be made at 60cm apart maize... Mutator and Dissociation sorghi ) we use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads to. Gmail.Com College of Agricultural Sciences 2014 Sakil Ahmed IUBAT 6/3/2014 maize 2 data to personalize ads and provide... Resistance to this rust and control measures in this article disease INFORMATION polysora rust, common corn Puccinia ). And it lacks those stages that occur on Oxalis in subtropical,,! And Oxalisspecies ( wood sorrel ) depths... no public clipboards found for this slide to already common rust sorghi... 45 cm is favourable for maize production for different farming systems, humid regions where temperatures... Measures Diseases maize dwarf mosaic virus Stalk rot/ Ear rot corn rust Resistant. 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The areas wherever crop is often grown in marginal eco-regions, primarily as a subsistence crop to meet food.... Of a clipboard to store your clips regions where optimal temperatures of 24-28°C, which favour infection prevail... Disease caused by the warmth-loving fungus, Puccinia polysora: rust, plant disease caused by the year,...

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